Dissecting Homeschool Law: Regular, thorough instruction

Note: This is part of a series I am writing about the actual application of the stipulations in the homeschooling regulations in the state of Maryland.
A homeschooling parent must provide evidence to either the school district or a homeschool umbrella that the child is receiving the following education:
“The home instruction program shall: (a) Provide regular, thorough instruction in the studies usually taught in the public schools to children of the same age; (b) Include instruction in English, mathematics, science, social studies, art, music, health, and physical education; and (c) Take place on a regular basis during the school year and be of sufficient duration to implement the instruction program.”
Let’s first look at the “regular, thorough instruction in the studies usually taught in the public schools to children of the same age” in the eight specified subjects.  I am going to tackle them in reverse order than they are listed in the law.  My son spent grades K-4 in a public elementary school.  This is the education, on average, that he received in these subjects:
  • Physical Education happened once a week for about 45 minutes, unless there happened to be an assembly or field trip at that time.  The children stayed in their regular school clothes, whether it was sweatpants or frilly dresses.  Kids not wearing sneakers might not be allowed to participate in the gym activity.  While many activities were actual physical exercise, the class also included something that looked a lot like beer pong without the beer and bowling with duct-tape balls and small plastic dollar-store pins.
  • Health was not regularly scheduled and happened sporadically.  Sometimes it was taught by the classroom teacher and sometimes by the nurse or the counselor.  It revolved mostly around hygiene and anti-bullying.
  • Music and art each happened once a week for about 45 minutes, unless there was some other event.  We did not really see any output from music, except for one concert in 4th grade.  Art did not seem to produce much tangible output either.  We saw maybe 5 pieces of art work that came home each year, including one annually in a green plastic bag with a fundraiser attached to have that specific picture put on mugs, mousepads, and phone covers.
  • Science and social studies allegedly alternated, but also were both completely absent for at least a couple of months each year.  According to the school district’s website there were 4-5 units for each science and social studies to be covered each year, but my son could only recall working on maybe 3 of them in each subject.
  • Mathematics was done each day for about 45 minutes, unless preempted by other events.
  • English dominated the education.  In years when we were given a daily schedule of classes, at least 2 full hours every day were scheduled to include language arts and reading.
In public middle school, the regularity of all of the classes seems to be a little more assured. PE, health, art, and music each work out to about a semester-worth of time.  They are either taught on alternating days, alternating weeks, or one semester at a time.  Math, science, and social studies happen every day.  English also meets every day, plus remedial students get a bonus reading class and therefore have English twice each day.
In high school, things get complicated again, because kids don’t take all 8 of those classes even every year. Looking at the credits required to graduate from high school, the only class every student definitely takes each year is English.  Math, science , and social studies might happen every year, but many students only take each of them for three years.  Health and PE are lumped together into one course or are a semester course each, but definitely do not need to be taken more than twice during high school.  Art only has to be taken once, but a music class could be counted as art, so you don’t actually ever have to take both visual art and music in high school.
My interpretation of providing regular, thorough instruction in the 8 subjects usually taught in the public schools to children of the same age during the school year was as follows:
For elementary school-
  • Math and English every day.
  • Science and social studies each about 3 times a week.
  • PE, Music, and Art each once a week
  • Health sprinkled in about every other week.
For middle school-
  • Math, science, English, and social studies every day.
  • Art or music every day (either alternating days, weeks, or by semester).
  • PE or health every day (either alternating days, weeks, or by semester).
For high school, my plan is to figure out the credit requirements for college admission.  I will write out a plan of courses to take in future years and keep a transcript of courses already taken and provide both of those documents during reviews.  I have not homeschooled high school yet, but I will update how that plan works out.